The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic on March 11, 2020. The WHO said that so far more than 4300 people have died worldwide due to this virus, therefore it has been declared pandemic. The European country Italy has declared a complete lock-down to prevent the spread of Coronavirus. At the same time, the Gulf countries have also banned the movement of foreigners. In India, all tourist visas have been suspended till April 15.
Following are some basic protective measures that WHO has issued for the public to protect themselves and others from novel coronavirus:
1. Wash hands frequently: Clean your hands regularly with either soap and water or hand sanitizer. Regular and thorough cleaning of hands will kill the virus that may be on them.
2. Do not touch eyes, mouth or nose: Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth, especially when you are outside as hands come in contact with many surfaces and can pick up the virus. Once hands are contaminated, they can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth, from where it can enter your body and infect you.
3. Maintain 3 feet distance from others: Ensure that you maintain at least 3 feet or 1-metre distance from those who are coughing or sneezing, as the moist particles that come out from their nose or mouth at that time may contain the virus if the person is infected and can infect you as well.
4. Cover your mouth and nose/ wear a mask: Make sure that you cover your nose or mouth with either a tissue, handkerchief or bent elbow when you sneeze or cough. Throw the tissue immediately into the dustbin after use. This way you will protect yourself and those around you. You can also wear a mask to avoid inhaling any droplet infected with the virus.
5. Seek medical care for fever, cough: If you have difficulty breathing or have fever or cough, seek medical help immediately. Avoid traveling, especially in public transport if you are feeling unwell. You can call your national or local health authorities to be directed to the right medical facility. It will help protect you and prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.
1. Coronavirus is not known to survive for long on surfaces or objects.
2. Spraying alcohol on your body will not kill the virus that has already entered your body.
3. Currently, there is no evidence of the deadly virus spreading to pets such as cats or dogs.
4. Vaccines used to cure pneumonia do not provide protection against COVID-19.
5. No evidence that regular rinsing of the nose with saline water will protect people from getting infected.
6. People of all ages can get infected by the deadly COVID-19 virus. However, older people or people with a pre-existing medical illness such as diabetes, asthma or heart disease are known to be more vulnerable to catching the virus.
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